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Genetic structure in the Amazonian catfish Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii: influence of life history strategies.

TitreGenetic structure in the Amazonian catfish Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii: influence of life history strategies.
Type de publicationJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursCarvajal-Vallejos, FM, Duponchelle, F, Desmarais, E, Cerqueira, F, Querouil, S, Nuñez, J, García, C, Renno, J-F
JournalGenetica
Volume142
Ticket4
Pagination323-36
Date Published2014 Aug
ISSN1573-6857
Résumé

The Dorado or Plateado (Gilded catfish) Brachyplatystoma rousseauxii (Pimelodidae, Siluriformes) is a commercially valuable migratory catfish performing the largest migration in freshwaters: from the Amazonian headwaters in the Andean foothills (breeding area) to the Amazon estuary (nursery area). In spite of its importance to inform management and conservation efforts, the genetic variability of this species has only recently begun to be studied. The aim of the present work was to determine the population genetic structure of B. rousseauxii in two regions: the Upper Madera Basin (five locations in the Bolivian Amazon) and the Western Amazon Basin (one regional sample from the Uyucalí-Napo-Marañon-Amazon basin, Peru). Length polymorphism at nine microsatellite loci (284 individuals) was used to determine genetic variability and to identify the most probable panmictic units (using a Bayesian approach), after a significant departure from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium was observed in the overall dataset (Western Amazon + Upper Madera). Bayesian analyses revealed at least three clusters in admixture in the five locations sampled in the Bolivian Amazon, whereas only two of these clusters were observed in the Western Amazon. Considering the migratory behaviour of B. rousseauxii, different life history strategies, including homing, are proposed to explain the cluster distribution. Our results are discussed in the light of the numerous threats to the species survival in the Madera basin, in particular dam and reservoir construction.

DOI10.1007/s10709-014-9777-2
Alternate JournalGenetica
Identifiant (ID) PubMed25038864