The LMI EDIA (“Evolution and Domestication of the Amazonian Ichthyofauna”) was created in 2011 by the IIAP (Iquitos-Peru) and the IRD. The main scientific purposes of the LMI EDIA, are to provide a better understanding of tropical fish diversity in Amazonia, of their evolution and life history strategies, and to develop a sustainable and environment-friendly aquaculture for species of commercial interest both for human consumption and ornamental trade. Besides the applications in aquaculture, the results will help managing and conserving the natural populations of the studied species. The project is organised following three main axes:
Evolution of the Amazonian ichthyofauna (Axis I)
Domestication for the development of a sustainable aquaculture (Axis II)
Implications for fisheries and conservation (Axis III)
The LMI participates in structuring the scientific community at the national and regional scale, by federating researchers from various universities and institutes working in the fields of biodiversity and aquaculture of Amazonian fish.
The originality of EDIA’ research program rests mainly on the implementation of a multidisciplinary research program dedicated to the study of evolution of Amazonian fish species and the development of sustainable fish farming in Amazonia, a region that is still relatively little impacted by human activities despite its fast demographic growth and where fish farming is still in its infancy. The proposed research program constitutes an integrated approach going from a better understanding of the evolution of species and populations in nature all the way to their domestication. It will allow understanding the interactions between genetic variation and life history traits in relation with environmental characteristics in both natural and experimental conditions. The researches developed in the LMI will also produce useful knowledge for fishery management and species conservation.